|A pigeon portrait|
| Columba livia|
Rock Pigeon, Columba livia (col-UM-bah LIE-vih-ah; genus name from Latin, a pigeon or dove; species name: from Latin, blue, blue-grey, or lead-coloured, in reference to its largely bluish plumage), also known as the Feral Pigeon are among the most familiar birds known to city dwellers. They are native to Eurasia, being introduced to North America, Australia and South America.
Heavy-bodied, broad-shouldered, short-tailed pigeon with a relatively short neck and short stubby bill. Folded wings fall just short of the tail tip, but primary extension past tertials very long (which are longer than tail length).
Because of being domesticated, the colours of the birds are variable, from all white to all black. Most often dark grey head; iridescent neck and breast; pale grey back; two dark wingbars formed by dark tips to secondaries and dark bases to greater coverts and tertials. The sexes are similar, but females have less iridescence on neck and breast.
Rock Pigeons are intelligent birds, being able to discriminate between Monet, Renoir, Cezzane, Braque, Matisse and Picasso's paintings. They can also identify the Peanuts character Charlie Brown.
Low pitched, gurgling cucucurooo.
Native to Eurasia, where they inhabit rocky sea coasts and desert canyons.
Also found in cities, parks, farms, bridges and cliffs.
- ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Columba livia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- ^ "Columba livia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- ^ a b c Terres, John K. (1980). The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0394466519.
- ^ a b Foreshaw, Joseph; Howell, Steve; Lindsey, Terence and Stallcup, Rich (1994). A Guide to Birding. Fog City Press. ISBN 1877019348.
- ^ a b c d e f g Stokes, Donald W. and Stokes, Lilian Q. (2010). Stokes Field Guide to the Birds of North America. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 9770316010504 Check
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- ^ Gray, A.P., 1958. Bird hybrids, Tech. Communication no. 13. London: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux
- ^ Watanabe, Shigeru; Sakamoto, Junko; Wakita, Masumi (1995). "Pigeon's discrimination of paintings by Monet and Picasso" (PDF). Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. 63: 165–174. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- ^ Cerella, John (1980). "The pigeon's analysis of pictures". Pattern Recognition. 12 (1). doi:10.1016/0031-3203(80)90048-5. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- ^ Riviere, B.B., 1922. Speed of the domestic pigeon. Brit. Birds. 15:298
- ^ Meinertzhagen, R., 1955. The speed and altitude of bird flight. Ibis 97:81-117
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