The SAR supergroup is a clade that includes Stramenopiles (aka Heterokonts), Alveolates, and Rhizaria.[1][2][3][4]

The first letter of each group provides the "SAR" in the name.

It includes most of the organisms in the Chromalveolata grouping, but not Hacrobia.

The term "Harosa" (at the subkingdom level) has also been used for this grouping.[5]


  1. ^ Archibald JM (2009). "The puzzle of plastid evolution". Curr. Biol. 19 (2): R81–8. PMID 19174147. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2008.11.067.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. ^ Burki F, Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Minge M; et al. (2007). Butler, Geraldine, ed. "Phylogenomics reshuffles the eukaryotic supergroups". PLoS ONE. 2 (8): e790. Bibcode:2007PLoSO...2..790B. PMC 1949142Freely accessible. PMID 17726520. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000790. 
  3. ^ Hampl V, Hug L, Leigh JW; et al. (2009). "Phylogenomic analyses support the monophyly of Excavata and resolve relationships among eukaryotic "supergroups"". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106 (10): 3859–64. Bibcode:2009PNAS..106.3859H. PMC 2656170Freely accessible. PMID 19237557. doi:10.1073/pnas.0807880106.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. ^ Frommolt R, Werner S, Paulsen H; et al. (2008). "Ancient recruitment by chromists of green algal genes encoding enzymes for carotenoid biosynthesis". Mol. Biol. Evol. 25 (12): 2653–67. PMID 18799712. doi:10.1093/molbev/msn206.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  5. ^ Cavalier-Smith T (2010). "Kingdoms Protozoa and Chromista and the eozoan root of the eukaryotic tree". Biol. Lett. 6 (3): 342–5. PMC 2880060Freely accessible. PMID 20031978. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2009.0948.  Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)

Template:Heterokont Template:Alveolata Template:RhizariaTemplate:Biology-stub

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.