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The Sabrewings are relatively large Neotropical hummingbirds in the genus Campylopterus and Platystylopterus. They are species of the understory and edges of forests, mostly in mountains, and often near streams. The female Sabrewing lays its two white eggs in a relatively large cup nest on a low horizontal branch, usually over a stream.

The sabrewings are very large for hummingbirds, typically 12–15 cm long. The black bill is strong and slightly decurved. The shafts of the male’s two outermost primary flight feathers are thickened, flattened and bent at an angle to give the distinctive feature which gives the sabrewings their English and scientific names (Greek καμπυλοσ kampylos, "bent", and πτερον pteron, "wing").

In some species, the male and female plumage is similar, in others, such as the Violet Sabrewing, the sexes look completely different. In several species, the three outer pairs of the tail feathers are broadly tipped white.

The food of sabrewings is nectar, taken mainly from undergrowth flowers such as Heliconia and bananas.

Species

Campylopterus

Platystylopterus

  • Sombre Hummingbird, Campylopterus cirrochloris (by most authorities placed in the monotypic genus Aphantochroa).
  • Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, Campylopterus macrourus (by most authorities placed in the monotypic genus Eupetomena).

References

  • A guide to the birds of Costa Rica by Stiles and Skutch ISBN 0-8014-9600-4
  • ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd edition ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2. 
  • Hilty, Steven L (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5. 


Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
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