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Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Tyranni
Infraorder: Eurylaimides
Family: Sapayoidae
Irestedt et al., 2006
Genus: Sapayoa
Hartert, 1903
Species: S. aenigma
Binomial name
Sapayoa aenigma
Hartert, 1903

The Sapayoa or Broad-billed Sapayoa, Sapayoa aenigma, is a suboscine passerine found in lowland rainforests in Panama and northwest South America.

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Other common names Broad-billed Sapayoa


The Sapayoa is a small, olive-colored bird, somewhat paler below and with a yellowish throat. Its habitus resembles a bigger, longer-tailed, broader-billed female manakin. It is rare to uncommon in the forest understory, favoring ravines and small streams[1]. It is usually seen in pairs or mixed-species flocks. It spends long periods perching, then sallies up to pick fruit or catch insects, on foliage or in mid air, with its flat, wide bill in a way reminiscent of flatbills[1]. Other aspects of its biology as late as 2003 were still unknown[2].

Similar species[]








  1. ^ a b Ridgely & Tudor (1994): p.689, plate 46.
  2. ^ Kemp & Sherley (2003)


  • BirdLife International (BLI) (2004). Sapayoa aenigma. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2006.
  • Banks, Richard C.; Chesser, R. Terry; Cicero, Carla; Dunn, Jon L.; Kratter, Andrew W.; Lovette, Irby J.; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Remsen, J. V. Jr.; Rising, James D.; Stotz, Douglas F. & Winker, Kevin (2008): Forty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk 125(3): 758–768. doi:10.1525.auk/2008.9708 PDF fulltext
  • Chesser, R. Terry (2004): Molecular systematics of New World suboscine birds. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 32(1): 11-24. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2003.11.015 PDF fulltext
  • Fjeldså, Jon; Zuccon, Dario; Irestedt, Martin; Johansson, Ulf S. & Ericson, Per G.P. (2003): Sapayoa aenigma: a New World representative of 'Old World suboscines'. Proc. R. Soc. B 270(Supplement 2): 238-241. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2003.0075 PDF fulltext Electronic supplement
  • Irestedt, M.; Ohlson, J.I.; Zuccon, Dario; Källersjö, M. & Ericson, Per G.P. (2006): Nuclear DNA from old collections of avian study skins reveals the evolutionary history of the Old World suboscines (Aves: Passeriformes). Zool. Scripta 35(6): 567-580. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2006.00249.x PDF fulltext
  • Kemp, Alan & Sherley, Greg H. (2003): Asities. In: Perrins, Christopher (ed.): Firefly Encyclopedia of Birds: 421. Firefly Books. ISBN 1-55297-777-3
  • Remsen, J. V., Jr.; Cadena, C. D.; Jaramillo, A.; Nores, M.; Pacheco, J. F. Robbins, M. B.; Schulenberg, T. S., Stiles, F. G.; Stotz, D. F.; & Zimmer, K. J. Version [2009-04-02]. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithologists' Union. HTML full text
  • Ridgely, Robert S. & Tudor, Guy (1994): The Birds of South America (Volume 2: The suboscine passerines). University of Texas Press, Austin. ISBN 0-292-77063-4
  • Sibley, Charles Gald & Monroe, Burt L. Jr. (1990): Distribution and taxonomy of the birds of the world: A Study in Molecular Evolution. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. ISBN 0-300-04969-2

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