Spanish Sparrow, Passer hispaniolensis is a species of sparrow found in Europe, Asia and North Africa. Forms a superspecies with House Sparrow, P. domesticus and Italian Sparrow, P. italiae, and the three sometimes considered conspecific.
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|Other common names||Willow Sparrow|
-Italian Sparrow -House sparrow -Eurasian Tree-Sparrow
Gregarious and thermophil bird, often seen in small flocks.
This sparrow's bill is heavier than the House Sparrow's, infact it can break bigger seeds. It also eats insects and berries, and feeds the chicks with insects.
Similar to the House sparrow's and to the Italian Sparrow's, but have a more metallic tone.
It nests in bushes.
Distribution/habitatThis sparrow is a typical Mediterranean species, found in North Africa, South Italy, some Greek regions, Spain, Malta and some Middle East areas.In some zones, it forms hybrids with Italian Sparrows. It is found in small towns and zones whith Mediterranean maquis plants.
- ^ BirdLife International (2009). "Passer hispaniolensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
- ^ Summers-Smith, D. (2016). Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/60927 on 17 February 2016).
- ^ Elgvin, T.O., J.S. Hermansen, A. Fijarczyk, T. Bonnet, T. Borge, S.A. Sæther, K.L. Voje, and G.-P. Sætre (2011), Hybrid speciation in sparrows II: a role for sex chromosomes?, Mol. Ecol. 20, 3823-3837.
- ^ Hermansen, J.S., S.A. Sæther, T.O. Elgvin, T. Borge, E. Hjelle, and G.-P. Sætre (2011), Hybrid speciation in sparrows I: phenotypic intermediacy, genetic admixture and barriers to gene flow, Mol. Ecol. 20, 3812-3822.