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Spanish Sparrow
Spanish sparrow
Male
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Family: Passeridae
Genus: Passer
Species: P. hispaniolensis
Binomial name
Passer hispaniolensis
(Temminck, 1820)
Spanish sparrow female

female

Spanish Sparrow, Passer hispaniolensis is a species of sparrow found in Europe, Asia and North Africa. Forms a superspecies with House Sparrow, P. domesticus and Italian Sparrow, P. italiae, and the three sometimes considered conspecific.[2]


Click for other names
Other common names Willow Sparrow

Description

Hybridises with the House Sparrow to form the Italian Sparrow, which is classed as a separate species.[3][4]

Similar species

-Italian Sparrow -House sparrow -Eurasian Tree-Sparrow

Behaviour

Gregarious and thermophil bird, often seen in small flocks.

Diet

This sparrow's bill is heavier than the House Sparrow's, infact it can break bigger seeds. It also eats insects and berries, and feeds the chicks with insects.

Calls

Similar to the House sparrow's and to the Italian Sparrow's, but have a more metallic tone.

Reproduction

It nests in bushes.

Distribution/habitat

This sparrow is a typical Mediterranean species, found in North Africa, South Italy,
Hybrid spanish-italian

the male sparrow in the left of this photo is a hybrid between a Spanish and an Italian sparrow.

some Greek regions, Spain, Malta and some Middle East areas.In some zones, it forms hybrids with Italian Sparrows. It is found in small towns and zones whith Mediterranean maquis plants.
Spanish Sparrow & Dark-Eyed Junco

Spanish Sparrow & Dark-Eyed Junco

Spanish Sparrow & Dark-eyed Junco in the UK

References

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2009). "Passer hispaniolensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  2. ^ Summers-Smith, D. (2016). Spanish Sparrow (Passer hispaniolensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/60927 on 17 February 2016).
  3. ^ Elgvin, T.O., J.S. Hermansen, A. Fijarczyk, T. Bonnet, T. Borge, S.A. Sæther, K.L. Voje, and G.-P. Sætre (2011), Hybrid speciation in sparrows II: a role for sex chromosomes?, Mol. Ecol. 20, 3823-3837.
  4. ^ Hermansen, J.S., S.A. Sæther, T.O. Elgvin, T. Borge, E. Hjelle, and G.-P. Sætre (2011), Hybrid speciation in sparrows I: phenotypic intermediacy, genetic admixture and barriers to gene flow, Mol. Ecol. 20, 3812-3822.

External links

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