Temporal range:
Paleocene - Holocene, 60–0 Ma
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Superorder: Strisores
Baird, 1858

Strisores ( /ˈstrsərz/ STRY-sorz; /ˈstrzərz/ STRY-zorz; /ˈstrsərs/ STREE-sorz) is a clade of birds. It includes the living families and orders Caprimulgidae (nightjars, nighthawks and allies), Nyctibiidae (potoos), Apodiformes (swifts and hummingbirds), as well as the Aegotheliformes (owlet-nightjars) whose distinctness was only recently realized. The Apodiformes (which include the "Trochiliformes" of the Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy) and the Aegotheliformes form the Daedalornithes.[1]


The material evidence for this group is very equivocal; the most ancient Strisores are quite nondescript tree-dwellers but already tend towards peculiarly apomorphic feet, and no Cretaceous fossils are known. Torpor and other metabolic peculiarities are very frequently found in this group, perhaps more often than in any other bird lineage. The synapomorphies that define this clade are the ossa maxillaria separated by a large cleft, a mandible with very short pars symphysialis, and rami mandibulae very slender in their distal half.


File:Hassiavis laticauda 1.jpg

The relationships of the Early Eocene Parvicuculus and Procuculus from the southern North Sea basin are unresolved, but they bear some similarities to cypselomorphs.

The fossil evidence is quite consistent in this group. Over some 20 million years, throughout the Eocene, the present-day diversity (as well as some entirely extinct lineages) slowly unfolds. By mid-Oligocene, some 30 million years ago, the crown lineages are present and adapting to their present-day ecological niches.

By the distribution of fossils, the Paleogene radiation seems to have originated in Asia, which at that time became a highly fragmented landscape as the Himalayas lifted up and the Turgai Strait started to disappear.

Several fossil taxa are tentatively placed here as basal or incertae sedis


The related Familia are: Aegothelidae, Caprimulgidae, Nyctibiidae, Podargidae, and Steatornithidae.


Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)

Steatornithidae (oilbird)

Nyctibiidae (potoos)


Podargidae (frogmouths)


Aegothelidae (owlet-nightjars)


Hemiprocnidae (treeswifts)

Apodidae (swifts)

Trochilidae (hummingbirds)

Cladogram based on Prum, R.O. et al. (2015)[2]


  1. ^ Sangster, G. (2005) A name for the clade formed by owlet-nightjars, swifts and hummingbirds (Aves). Zootaxa: 799:1-6.
  2. ^ Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Please help by writing it in the style of All Birds Wiki!
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.