Temporal range: Late Cretaceous - Recent
Diversity of Telluraves.
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Neoaves
Clade: Inopinaves
Clade: Telluraves
Yuri et al., 2013

Telluraves (also called land birds or core landbirds) is a recently defined[1] clade of birds with controversial content. Based on most recent genetic studies, the clade unites a variety of bird groups, including the australavians (passerines, parrots, seriemas, and falcons) as well as the afroavians (including raptors and woodpeckers).[2][3] They appear to be the sister group of a newly defined clade centered on Aequornithes.[4]

Given that the two most basal branches of both Afroaves and Australaves are predatory, it is inferred that the common ancestor of Telluraves was an apex predator.[4]


AccipitriformesPearl Kite

Cathartiformes (New World vultures)Black Vulture

Strigiformes (owls)Western Barn-Owl


Coliiformes (mousebirds)Speckled Mousebird


Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)Cuckoo Roller


Trogoniformes (trogons)Surucua Trogon


Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill


CoraciiformesWhite-throated Kingfisher2

PiciformesGreat Spotted Woodpecker


Cariamiformes (seriemas)Red-legged Seriema


Falconiformes (falcons)Peregrine Falcon


Psittaciformes (parrots)Cockatiel

Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)Carrion Crow

Cladogram of Telluraves relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[4] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[1]


  1. ^ a b Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. 
  2. ^ Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).
  3. ^ Ericson, P. G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography. 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. 
  4. ^ a b c Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; Li, B.; Houde, P.; Li, C.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Faircloth, B. C.; Nabholz, B.; Howard, J. T.; Suh, A.; Weber, C. C.; Da Fonseca, R. R.; Li, J.; Zhang, F.; Li, H.; Zhou, L.; Narula, N.; Liu, L.; Ganapathy, G.; Boussau, B.; Bayzid, M. S.; Zavidovych, V.; Subramanian, S.; Gabaldon, T.; Capella-Gutierrez, S.; Huerta-Cepas, J.; Rekepalli, B.; Munch, K.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds" (PDF). Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. 

Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
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