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Trogon
Elegant Trogon
Elegant Trogon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Clade: Afroaves
Order: Trogoniformes
Family: Trogonidae
Genus: Trogon
Brisson, 1760

Trogon is a genus of near passerine birds in the trogon family. Its members occur in forests and woodlands of the Americas, ranging from southeastern Arizona to northern Argentina.

They have large eyes, stout hooked bills, short wings, and long, squared-off, strongly graduated tails; black and white tail-feather markings form distinctive patterns on the underside. Males have richly colored metallic plumage, metallic on the upperparts.[1] Although many have brightly coloured bare eye-rings, they lack the colorful patches of bare facial skin in their African counterparts, Apaloderma.[2] Females and young are duller and sometimes hard to identify in the field.[1] Eggs are white or bluish-white, unlike the pale blue eggs of quetzals.[2] See the family account for further details.

Taxonomy

Species Subspecies
Collared/Orange-bellied Trogon
*Collared Trogon, T. collaris extimus, hoethinus, virginalis,
subtropicalis, exoptatus,
collaris, casganeus
*Orange-bellied Trogon, T. puella puella, underwoodi,
aurantiiventris, flavidor
Black-tailed Trogon Complex
Lattice-tailed Trogon, T. clathratus clathratus
*Ecuadorian Trogon, T. mesurus mesurus
*Black-tailed Trogon, T. melanurus macroura?, eumorphus,
occidentalis, melanurus
Blue-tailed Trogon, T. comptus comptus
White-tailed Trogon Complex
Black-headed Trogon, T. melanocephalus melanocephalus
Citreoline Trogon, T. citreolus citreolus, sumichrasti
*Green-backed Trogon, T. viridis viridis, melanopterus?
*White-tailed Trogon, T. chionurus chionurus
Baird's Trogon, T. bairdii bairdii
Violaceous Trogon Complex
*Gartered Trogon, T. caligatus (sallaei aka braccatus), concinnus,
caligatus
*Amazonian Trogon, T. ramonianus ramonianus, crissalis
Surucua Trogon, T. surrucura aurantius, surrucura
*Guianan Trogon, T. violaceus violaceus
Blue-crowned Trogon, T. curucui peruvianus (bolivianus),
curucui, behni

Species

References

  1. ^ a b Hilty, Steven L. (2003), Birds of Venezuela, Princeton University Press, pp. 438, ISBN 0-691-09250-8 
  2. ^ a b Williamson, Sheri L.; Colston, P. R. (2003), "Trogons", in Christopher Perrins (editor), Firefly Encyclopedia of Birds, Firefly Books, pp. 362–363, ISBN 1-55297-777-3 

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