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Revision as of 03:14, May 21, 2020

True cormorant
File:Phalacrocorax carbo Vic.jpg
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Aequorlitornithes
Clade: Ardeae
Clade: Aequornithes
Order: Suliformes
Family: Phalacrocoracidae
Genus: Phalacrocorax
Brisson, 1760
Type species
Pelecanus carbo
Linnaeus, 1758

See text

Phalacrocorax is a genus of fish-eating birds in the Cormorant family Phalacrocoracidae.


The genus Phalacrocorax was introduced by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760 with the great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) as the type species.[1][2] Phalacrocorax is the Latin word for a "Cormorant".[3]

The genus contains 22 species including one species that became extinct in the 19th century.[4]

A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2014 found that the genus Phalacrocorax was non-monophyletic and that a group of five species currently placed in this genus were more closely related to members of Leucocarbo. This group contained the rock Shag, the double-crested Cormorant, the neotropic Cormorant, the flightless Cormorant and the European Shag.[5]


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  2. ^ Mayr, Ernst; Cottrell, G. William, eds. (1979). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 1 (2nd ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 163. 
  3. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2019). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E., eds. "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 9 April 2019. 
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Hamerkop, Shoebill, pelicans, boobies, Cormorants". World Bird List Version 9.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 12 April 2019. 
  5. ^ Kennedy, M.; Spencer, H.G. (2014). "Classification of the Cormorants of the world". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 79: 249–257. PMID 24994028. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.06.020. 
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