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Typical owl
File:Striginae diversity.png
Diversity of Striginae
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Clade: Afroaves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Strigidae
Subfamily: Striginae
Vigors, 1825

Typical owls, subfamily Striginae is a subfamily of true owls. Most owl species are in this subfamily, except the owlets, and hawk-owls.

Description

Typical owls are very small to (scops-owls, screech-owls) to very large (Eurasian Eagle-Owl).[1] They might be earless or have ear tufts, and their colour is brown, reddish-brown, greyish-brown, rufous, yellowish-brown, brown, grey, with streaks and spots.[1]

Their eyes range from yellow, pale yellow, orange-brown, honey-brown, chestnut-brown, deep orange.[1]

The cere can grey, creamy-yellow, yellow.[1]

Their bills can be grey, greyish-brown, blackish-horn, pale yellow, light greenish-yellow, dark greenish-black, yellow, greyish-yellow.[1]

Behaviour

Typical owls feed on insects and other arthropods, mammals, birds, frogs, reptiles and fish. Great Horned Owl feeds upon mammals the size of rabbits.[1]

Taxonomy

Genera

Otini: Scops-owls

Asionini: Eared Owls

  • Genus Ptilopsis - white-faced owls, 2 species
  • Genus Nesasio - Fearful Owl
  • Genus Asio - eared owls, 6-7 species

Megascopini: Screech-owls

Pulsatrigini

Strigini: Wood-owls

  • Genus Jubula - Maned Owl
  • Genus Strix - earless owls, some 10 species
  • Genus Ciccaba - split from Strix, 11 species

Bubonini: Eagle-owls

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Mikkola, Heimo (2012). Owls of the World: A Photographic Guide. Firefly Books Ltd. ISBN 9781770851368. 


Wrybill This article is part of Project Bird Subfamilies, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each bird subfamily, including made-up families.
Hemipus picatus This article is part of Project Bird Taxonomy, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on every order, family and other taxonomic rank related to birds.
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