FANDOM


Umbrellabirds
Long-wattled Umbrellabird

Long-wattled Umbrellabird

Long-wattled Umbrellabird
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Inopinaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Tyranni
Infraorder: Tyrannides
Parvorder: Tyrannida
Subfamily: Cotinginae
Tribe: Cephalopterinini
Genus: Cephalopterus
E. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1809

The Umbrellabirds are birds in the genus Cephalopterus found in rainforests of Central and South America. With a total length of 35–50 cm (14–20 in), they are among the largest members of the cotinga family, and the male Amazonian Umbrellabird is the largest passerine in South America.

They are almost entirely black, and have a conspicuous crest on the top of their head, vaguely resembling an umbrella (hence their common name). All have an inflatable wattle on the neck, which serves to amplify their loud, booming calls. This wattle may reach a length of 35 cm (14 in) in the Long-wattled Umbrellabird, but it is smaller in the two remaining species, and covered in bare, bright red skin in the Bare-necked Umbrellabird. Females resemble males, but are noticeably smaller and have a reduced crest and wattle.

They feed on fruits, large insects and occasionally small vertebrates (e.g. lizards). The males gather in loose leks, where they call and extend their wattle to attract females. The flimsy nest is built entirely by the female, which also incubate and raise the chicks without help from the male.

Of the three species, two, the Long-wattled and Bare-necked Umbrellabird, are threatened by habitat loss and to a lesser extent hunting.

Etymology

From Greek κεφαλη kephalē head; πτερος pteros feathered < πτερον pteron feather. The impressive Amazonian or Ornate Umbrellabird has bizarre head plumes.[1]

Description

Taxonomy

Capuchinbird was once in a monotypic genus.

Species

Species of potoos in TiF order.[2]
Species Image Range Status
Long-wattled Umbrellabird,
Cephalopterus penduliger
Colombia, Ecuador.[3] Status iucn3.1 VU
Amazonian Umbrellabird,
Cephalopterus ornatus
Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela.[4] Status iucn3.1 LC
Bare-necked Umbrellabird,
Cephalopterus glabricollis
Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama.[5] Status iucn3.1 EN
Capuchinbird,
Cephalopterus tricolor
300x300px Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.[6] Status iucn3.1 LC

References

  1. ^ Jobling, J. (2015). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.), eds. "Cephalopterus". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved 1-8-15.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ John H. Boyd III (September 28, 2011). "TYRANNIDA: Pipridae, Cotingidae, Tityridae". TiF Checklist. Retrieved 16-02-2020.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ Snow, D., Bonan, A. & de Juana, E. (2014). Long-wattled Umbrellabird (Cephalopterus penduliger). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2014). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/57052 on 7 August 2015).
  4. ^ Snow, D. (2004). Amazonian Umbrellabird (Cephalopterus ornatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2014). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/57051 on 7 August 2015).
  5. ^ Snow, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2015). Bare-necked Umbrellabird (Cephalopterus glabricollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2015). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/57050 on 6 August 2015).
  6. ^ Snow, D. (2004). Capuchinbird (Perissocephalus tricolor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2014). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/57053 on 6 August 2015).
  • Fitzpatrick, J. W. (2004). Umbrellabirds (Cephalopterus). Pp. 101–103 in: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Christie, D. A. eds. (2004). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 9. Cotingas to Wagtails. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 84-87334-69-5

Further reading





Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Please help by writing it in the style of All Birds Wiki!
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.