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StaraptorEmpoleon StaraptorEmpoleon 11 July 2011
1

Introduction to birds, part two


Let's get more technical!

There are several off-shoots of birds:


  • 1 Archaeopteryx
  • 2 Confuciusornithidae
  • 3 Enantiornithes
  • 4 Euornithes
    • 4.1 Patagopteryx
    • 4.2 Hesperonithiformes
    • 4.3 Ichthyornithiformes
    • 4.4 Neornithes
      • 4.4.1 Palaeognathae
      • 4.4.2 Neognathae
        • 4.4.2.1 Galloanserae
        • 4.4.2.2 Neoaves
  • 5 Pics of the birds

(AR-kee-OP-tor-icks) - the first known bird, probably the most primitive bird and probably more related to dinoaurs.


(kun-FYU-shus-orn-ith-ih-day) - small, primitive birds.

Example: Confuciusornis.


(uh-NAN-tee-OR-nuh-theez) - a group of small, Cretaceous avialians (modern birds and their relatives).

Example: Enantiornis.


(ew-ORN-ih-theez) - true birds.

Example: hamerkop.


(pat-uh-GOP-tur-icks) - an early, flightless bird.


(heh-spuh-ROR-nuh-ith-ih-FOR-mez [something like that]) …









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StaraptorEmpoleon StaraptorEmpoleon 11 July 2011
0

Introduction to birds, part one


There are two types of birds:

  • 1) Non-passerines: any bird from loons to woodpeckers and ostriches to kingfishers are non-passerines.
  • 2) Passerines: any bird from crows to sparrows and orioles to finches.

Basically, if you read a field guide, usually they're in what we call taxonomic order (basically, the birds' evolutionary relationships to other birds). Depending on what field guide you're looking at:

  • Non-passerines: they usually start with the loons (one of the oldest Northern Hemisphere families of birds, they have fossils from possibly the Late Cretaceous, 99.6-65.5 million years ago) and woodpeckers (fossils are from the Late Oligocene, 25 million years ago. Their evolutionary history isn't well-documented)
  • And as for the passerines, it us…

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