| Tyto alba|
Western Barn-Owl or Common Barn-Owl, Tyto alba is a species of Tyto owl. It is closely related to the Andaman Masked-Owl, T. deroepstorffi and the Eastern Barn-Owl, Tyto delicatula, in which were split from the Western. Sometimes, the American Barn-Owl is split from the Western, as well as the Curacao Barn-Owl, Lesser Antilles Barn-Owl and Galapagos Barn-Owl, which require DNA evidence.
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|Other common names||Common Barn-Owl, Ghost Owl, Barnyard Owl, Rat Owl, Church Owl, Hissing Owl and Death Owl|
Length is 33–39 cm (13–15 in) with a wing span of 80–95 centimetres (2.62–3.12 ft). A pale owl with white heart-shaped face enclosing dark, beady eyes. In flight appears large-headed and short-tailed in flight; ghostly white in headlight beams.
It hunts by searching flights over open fields and other open and semi-open areas. Preys upon small terrestrial rodents of fields and marshes, mainly common and other colonially living voles, mice and shrews. In smaller amounts it will also take a vast array of other food including larger insects, reptiles, fish, and smaller birds.
Gives a loud hissing scream or screech, sometimes with a tremulous effect, often rendered as shrrrrreeee; the screech is commonly heard in early months of the year while the partners are in courtship flight. In Britain, the voice gave this owl the name 'Screech Owl', but in 1666, but as early as 1678 it was changed to Barn Owl.
- ^ BirdLife International (2008). "Tyto alba". 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 24 February 2009.
- ^ Lepage, Denis (2012). "Tyto alba [excluding insularis group]". Avibase: The World Bird Database. Bird Studies Canada. Retrieved 4 May 2012. Text "Scopoli, 1769 " ignored (help)
- ^ König C, F Weick & J-H Becking. 1999. Owls: a guide to the owls of the world. Yale University Press.
- ^ Rasmussen, PC & JC Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: the Ripley Guide. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions.
- ^ Wink M, H Sauer-Gürth & M Fuchs. 2004b. Phylogenetic Differentiation in owls base on nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial and nuclear marker genes. Raptors Worldwide. (Eds RD Chancellor and B-U Meyburg) pp.517-526. WWGBP/MM, Budapest.
- ^ Christidis L & WE Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CISRO Publishing, Collingwood, VIC, Australia.
- ^ "Owls". IOC World Bird List. 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- ^ a b c d e f Mikkola, Heimo (2012). Owls of the World: A Photographic Guide. Firefly Books Ltd. ISBN 9781770851368.
- ^ Mullarney, Killian; Lars Svensson, Dan Zetterström and Peter J. Grant (1999). Birds of Europe. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691050538. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- ^ a b Zimmerman, Dale A.; et al. (1999). Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania. Princeton University Press. p. 432. ISBN 0691010226.
- ^ Terres, John K. (1980). The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0394466519.
- ^ Lockshaw, Don (2001). "Barn Owl Biology". Owling.com. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
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