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Zenaida Doves
File:Mourning Dove Image 002.jpg
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Zenaida
Bonaparte, 1838

See text.

The Zenaida doves (Zenaida) make up a small genus of American doves. There are 7 species:

DNA sequence analysis (Johnson & Clayton, 2000) confirms that the White-winged and West Peruvian Doves are the most distinct and that they should be treated as good species. Relationships among the other species are quite unequivocal too; what is not quite clear is whether the Galapagos Dove is most closely related to the Zenaida Dove (as tentatively indicated by morphology) or to the Eared and Mourning Doves (as suggested by DNA sequences — although with a very low confidence level - and, most robustly, biogeography).

The name of this genus commemorates Zénaïde Laetitia Julie Bonaparte, wife of the French ornithologist Charles Lucien Bonaparte and niece of Napoleon Bonaparte.


  • Johnson, Kevin P. & Clayton, Dale H. (2000): A Molecular Phylogeny of the Dove Genus Zenaida: Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA sequences. Condor 102(4): 864-870. PDF fulltext

Eurasian Spoonbill This article is part of Project Bird Genera, a All Birds project that aims to write comprehensive articles on each genus, including made-up genera.
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